17—Voters in Fiji head to the polls for the first time in eight years, following a decision by the South Pacific island nation’s military junta that the time was right for a transition back to democratic rule. Fiji, a tropical idyll about 3,200 km east of Australia, has suffered four coups since 1987.
19—Scotland chooses to stay in the United Kingdom, spurning independence in a historic referendum that had worried allies and investors.
23—The United States and several Gulf Arab allies launched air and missile strikes on Islamic State strongholds in Syria, opening a new, far more complicated front in the battle against the militants.
24—India creates history, becoming the first country in the world to succeed on its first Mars mission; ISRO’s Mangalyaan successfully slips into Martian orbit after a few nail-biting moments.
28—President’s rule is imposed in poll-bound Maharashtra, three days after the NCP snapped its 15-year-old ties with the Congress.